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Results 81 - 100 of 135.


Earth Sciences - Astronomy / Space - 31.03.2023
Rise of oxygen in early ocean due to wobbling Earth's axis
Rise of oxygen in early ocean due to wobbling Earth’s axis
Nearly 2.5 billion years ago, seas on our planet alternately contained more or less oxygen, due to the slow "wobble" of the rotating Earth. So writes an international team of scientists, some affiliated with Utrecht University and the Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ). "The fact that the Earth eventually became an oxygen-rich planet with a pleasant climate may be partly due to the right astronomical influence at the right time," says Utrecht PhD candidate Margriet Lantink, first author of the article.

Environment - 27.03.2023
Strong economic case for climate action and limiting warming to below 2 degrees
The IPCC released the final part of its Sixth Assessment Report on March 20, urging that only swift and drastic action against climate change can avert irreversible damage to the world. A new study published in Nature Climate Change has found that limiting climate change is also more beneficial for the economy.

Environment - 23.03.2023
Flood risk 10 times higher in many places worldwide within 30 years
Flood risk 10 times higher in many places worldwide within 30 years
After the North Sea Flood of 1953, it took nearly 45 years to finalise the Delta Works. If we want to protect The Netherlands against sea-level rise, we should take measures in time. But how much time do we have left? An international team of researchers from Utrecht University, Deltares, and NIOZ, among others, devised a new method to calculate when we can expect a certain increase in flood probability in a specific area.

Environment - Campus - 22.03.2023
Fighting drought together with farmers, landowners and scientists
Can a scientist, a farmer and a nature organisation ensure that nature can better withstand periods of extreme drought or massive flooding? Can a 'regular civilian' help to counteract drought and improve biodiversity in our country in the near future by sowing certain species of grass and herbs?áIf it were up to Dr. Edwin Pos , yes.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 21.03.2023
First direct proof of mega-flood in Mediterranean Sea region
First direct proof of mega-flood in Mediterranean Sea region
Geologists from Utrecht, London and Granada have found the first direct proof of the largest known mega-flood that ever occurred on earth. This mega-flood ended what is known as the ' Messinian Salinity Crisis' , a period around six million years ago when the water level in the Mediterranean Sea sank by around 1.5 km, causing an extreme environmental crisis in the region.

Environment - 16.03.2023
Six million euros to quantify European greenhouse gas emissions
Six million euros to quantify European greenhouse gas emissions
Under the coordination of Utrecht University, seventeen organizations will be working together over the next four years to improve detection and measurement of all major greenhouse gases in eight European countries. The new insights are vital to improve strategies for greenhouse gas mitigation, and improve the countries' emission reports requested annually by the United Nations.

Physics - 09.03.2023
First ever observation of Brazil nut effect for colloidal particles
First ever observation of Brazil nut effect for colloidal particles
Experimental and theoretical physicists at Utrecht University have observed an unexpected phenomenon in mixtures of colloidal particles: the Brazil nut effect. The discovery is important for knowledge about matter, including colloids, polymers, liquid crystals and surfactants. But developers of paints and inks, and completely different disciplines, such as geology, will also benefit from understanding this phenomenon.

Health - 06.03.2023
Local measures could control pandemics while reducing societal impact
Local measures could control pandemics while reducing societal impact
Analysis of the COVID-19 pandemic in the Netherlands suggests that locally targeted pandemic control measures could have been just as effective as national lockdowns. Researchers from Utrecht University, Erasmus MC and the University of Amsterdam conclude this based on a mathematical model that they developed.

Environment - 03.03.2023
Animal ecosystem engineers much stronger driver of salt marsh accretion than expected
The fate of coastal ecosystems depends on their ability to keep pace with sea-level rise-yet projections of accretion, the process by which marshes build up vertically, have widely ignored effects of animal ecosystem engineers.

Environment - 24.02.2023
Rising river temperatures hold important clues about climate and other human impacts
Rising river temperatures hold important clues about climate and other human impacts
An improved global understanding of river temperature could provide an important barometer for climate change and other human activities. River temperature is the fundamental water quality measure that regulates physical, chemical and biological processes in flowing waters and, in turn, impacts ecosystems, human health, and industrial, domestic and recreational uses by people.

Earth Sciences - 20.02.2023
Earthquakes in Turkey and Syria: a Q&A with geophysicist Rob Govers
Earthquakes in Turkey and Syria: a Q&A with geophysicist Rob Govers
Last week, Utrecht University hosted an online lecture on the 6 February 2023 earthquakes in Turkey and Syria.

Environment - Life Sciences - 14.02.2023
New research module Ecotron enables the study of fully controlled small scale ecosystems
New research module Ecotron enables the study of fully controlled small scale ecosystems
The new state-of-the-art Ecotron module of the Netherlands Plant-Ecophenotyping Centre (NPEC) is now fully functional. The module, located in the new NPEC-dedicated building on the campus of Utrecht University, allows researchers to simulate and study agricultural and natural ecosystems. It consists of 36 enclosed units in which environmental conditions can be fully controlled and monitored.

Social Sciences - 10.02.2023
'Children with Developmental Language Disorder do catch up partially'
’Children with Developmental Language Disorder do catch up partially’
Contrary to what has been assumed, children with severe developmental language disorder (DLD) do in fact partially catch up upon their delays in language development. This was observed by researcher and speech and language therapist Gerda Bruinsma , Professor of Speech Therapy Ellen Gerrits and Professor of Psycholinguistics Frank Wijnen in their research at the Institute for Language Sciences.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 10.02.2023
When the glacier ice is gone, plants get to work
Around the world, retreating glaciers leave vast areas of unstable sediments behind. Researchers from Utrecht University, University of Bayreuth and University of Wuerzburg found that across mountain regions, plants actively aid the stabilisation of these sediments in a similar way, regardless of climate and plant species.

Mathematics - Materials Science - 10.02.2023
Mathematical modelling of drying of paint and coatings
NWO has awarded funding of 760,000 euros for research into the mathematical modelling of thin polymer films. In the PRONTO project, mathematicians at Utrecht University and computational chemists at the University of Amsterdam will work together with non-academic partners to develop a new generation of models for materials science.

Innovation - Environment - 10.02.2023
New start-up to reduce global methane emission
Methane contributes significantly to climate change. Emission reduction of this greenhouse gas has shown high potential in quickly slowing down global warming. Utrecht University researcher Hossein Maazallahi recently founded his start-up Maaz Maps to accelerate methane emission reduction at the global scale.

Life Sciences - 09.02.2023
Contemporary DNA reveals how life became much more complex two billion years ago
Contemporary DNA reveals how life became much more complex two billion years ago
Studying the DNA of organisms that live today can increase our understanding of how life evolved billions of years ago. For his PhD research, Julian Vosseberg delved into the DNA of contemporary organisms to find out how complex cells like those of plants, fungi and animals once evolved from simple, bacteria-like cells.

History / Archeology - Linguistics / Literature - 07.02.2023
Seven NWO Open Competition grants for UU Humanities scholars
Seven Utrecht University Humanities scholars have been awarded a grant by the Dutch Research Council (NWO) in the Open Competition SGW programme.

Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 03.02.2023
Fewer side effects of medication through DNA testing
Fewer side effects of medication through DNA testing
Patients whose drug treatment is matched to their DNA, suffer 30 percent fewer serious side effects. This is the result from a study published by a team of international researchers, including Vera Deneer , associate professor of clinical pharmacology at the Utrecht Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences (UIPS) and her colleague Heshu Abdullah-Koolmees , in The Lancet.

Pharmacology - Veterinary - 02.02.2023
New treatment for dogs with osteoarthritis proven to be safe and long-term effective
New treatment for dogs with osteoarthritis proven to be safe and long-term effective
Dogs with osteoarthritis benefit from a new treatment: an injection that delivers a painkiller with a long-term effect. This is proven to be safe and effective. It is possible that the treatment can also help humans in the future. Marianna Tryfonidou , Professor at the Utrecht University Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, collaborated for this research with academic partners and companies.