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Life Sciences - 06.02.2023
When our mind strays from a present activity, our movements become slower and more erratic
When our minds wander during performance of a task, our fine motor movements become slower, less direct and more complex. The deeper our minds wander, the more erratic our fine movements become, indicating greater detachment from the present environment. Our brains process stimuli from the external environment more weakly and brain activity becomes more similar to brain waves that are present during sleep.

Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 03.02.2023
Fewer side effects of medication through DNA testing
Fewer side effects of medication through DNA testing
Patients whose drug treatment is matched to their DNA, suffer 30 percent fewer serious side effects. This is the result from a study published by a team of international researchers, including Vera Deneer , associate professor of clinical pharmacology at the Utrecht Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences (UIPS) and her colleague Heshu Abdullah-Koolmees , in The Lancet.

Environment - Life Sciences - 25.01.2023
The dikes of the future will be more than just green turf
Rising sea levels, more frequent extreme precipitation and drier summers will put increasing demands on our dikes in the future. Over the next thirty years, 1,500 kilometres of dikes will need to be strengthened in the Netherlands alone. Ecologists from Radboud University and Wageningen University & Research claim that an increase in the number of flowers and herbs that are grown on dikes will already go a long way towards solving the problem.

Life Sciences - 24.01.2023
Stem cells help immature lungs on their way
Children born prematurely often have problems with their lungs. Can stem cells help repair their damaged lungs? Biologist Tim Wolfs is researching it with support from Longfonds (Lung Fund). The lungs of premature children are unfinished. In addition, the lungs often suffer additional damage. This can already happen during pregnancy, for example due to an infection in the amniotic fluid.

Life Sciences - Health - 19.01.2023
Genetic overlap between twelve psychiatric disorders scrutinised
Genetic overlap between twelve psychiatric disorders scrutinised
Sorry! De informatie die je zoekt, is enkel beschikbaar in het Engels. You are not logged in yet to My study choice Portal. Login or create an account to save your programmes. In a study published in Nature Genetics, researchers of Amsterdam UMC teamed up with colleagues from the Complex Trait Genetics department of VU Amsterdam and the Million Veteran Program to scrutinize the genetic similarity of twelve psychiatric disorders.

Life Sciences - 18.01.2023
High five: Chimpanzees communicate to coordinate grooming
High five: Chimpanzees communicate to coordinate grooming
Biologists provide first evidence of chimpanzees communicating about a cultural practice. Chimpanzees communicate with each other to coordinate a specific type of grooming. Biologists from Utrecht University noted this behaviour using extensive video observations, making it the first reported evidence that communication and cultural behaviour are closely intertwined in chimpanzees.

Chemistry - Life Sciences - 18.01.2023
Stefan Rüdiger appointed as Professor of Protein Chemistry of Disease
Utrecht University has appointed Stefan Rüdiger as Professor of Protein Chemistry of Disease. Chemist Rüdiger and his group aim to tackle diseases that are caused by protein misfolding, such as Alzheimer's disease and Huntington's disease. They focus on how chaperones, proteins that aid other proteins to fold into their proper shape, control protein quality.

Life Sciences - 12.01.2023
Diversity in colony size makes fungus more effective and stress-resistant
Diversity in colony size makes fungus more effective and stress-resistant
By growing in colonies of different sizes, the fungus Aspergillus niger is more effective in breaking down cellulose and more resistant to stress. Microbiologists from Utrecht University report these findings in an article in the scientific journal mBio. Aspergillus niger is widely used for the production of protein mixtures, which play an important role in the manufacturing of, for instance, biofuels or bioplastics.

Life Sciences - Physics - 07.01.2023
Glassy and reactive: plants are more dynamic than you think
Glassy and reactive: plants are more dynamic than you think
Is the inside of a plant cell more like a liquid or a solid? While this may sound like an odd question, research carried out at the University of Amsterdam demonstrates it can be either, depending on how much light you shine on it. Chloroplasts within plant cells constitute an active form of matter that undergoes dramatic phase transitions.

Life Sciences - Health - 19.12.2022
How does the same DNA result in more than 200 different cell types?
How does the same DNA result in more than 200 different cell types?
Every human body starts out as one single cell: a fertilized egg. This cell develops into all kinds of cell types: skin cells, liver cells, blood cells. Although these cell types look and function differently, they all contain exactly the same DNA. Tuncay Baubec and his research group try to understand how the same genetic code is used to build the more than 200 different cell types in our body.

Environment - Life Sciences - 14.12.2022
Biodiversity is crucial to cope with climate change
Biodiversity is crucial to cope with climate change
This week, the biodiversity conference takes place in Montreal, after it was postponed by Covid-19 in the Chinese city of Kunming last May. That postponement was worrying, says Professor of Land Use and Biodiversity Merel Soons , because time is running out for nature conservation. The reason our biodiversity is declining so much is well known.

Life Sciences - History / Archeology - 09.12.2022
Medieval and contemporary Ashkenazi Jews are genetically virtually identical, and that's surprising
Medieval and contemporary Ashkenazi Jews are genetically virtually identical, and that’s surprising
Unique genetic research shows that the Ashkenazi Jewish community has been a virtually closed group since the 14th century. The international and interdisciplinary Genetic Legacies project examined DNA from the teeth of dozens of medieval and contemporary members of the community from the German city of Erfurt.

Health - Life Sciences - 06.12.2022
'Collective reflection needed for way out of crisis Alzheimer's research'
’Collective reflection needed for way out of crisis Alzheimer’s research’
A vast amount of money is involved in Alzheimer's disease research. However, scientists have been unable to achieve substantial clinical results in recent decades. In a recent analysis of the situation, Utrecht University historian of science Bert Theunissen and his colleague from Erasmus University Rotterdam Noortje Jacobs now argue that a deadlock has developed that makes progression unlikely.

Health - Life Sciences - 05.12.2022
Nutrition as medicine for heart failure in diabetes
Treat heart failure in type 2 diabetes with simple nutritional supplements? That seems too easy to be true, but researchers at Maastricht UMC+ have discovered that a particular mixture of amino acids could provide a cure for diabetic heart failure. A crucial step in addressing a problem facing a growing group of patients.

Health - Life Sciences - 02.12.2022
Droplets in cells determine the accumulation of proteins in age-related diseases
Droplets in cells determine the accumulation of proteins in age-related diseases
Tiny droplets in our cells can accelerate the accumulation of protein deposits in diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease, but they can also hinder this accumulation. While they will worsen the accumulation if the proteins stick to the edge of the droplets, the situation actually improves when they are incorporated into the droplets.

Life Sciences - Pharmacology - 29.11.2022
COPD patients have a higher risk of brain problems, possibly due to inflammation
Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have a higher chance of suffering from brain-related problems such as anxiety, depression and memory problems. PhD candidate Charlotte Pelgrim discovered that inflammation in the brain and a less protective barrier of the blood vessels in the brain may play a role.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 21.11.2022
Major breakthrough for brain-like computers
A breakthrough at the University of Twente is bringing new brain-like computers one step closer. An international group of researchers led by Professor Christian Nijhuis has developed a new type of molecular switch that can learn from previous behaviour.

Environment - Life Sciences - 09.11.2022
Biologist Joeri Zwerts experiences the impact of his biodiversity research at global FSC meeting
Biologist Joeri Zwerts experiences the impact of his biodiversity research at global FSC meeting
By presenting his research findings at a major international meeting, Joeri Zwerts experienced how he makes societal impact as a scientist. Last month, Zwerts spoke at the general assembly of global forest certification organization the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC). At this meeting, he presented his research about the effect of FSC conservation measures on wild mammal populations in Gabon and Congo.

Life Sciences - Health - 08.11.2022
New ways to grow human 'mini-bones'
New ways to grow human ’mini-bones’
Bregje de Wildt explored different ways to grow -mini-bones- in the lab that could be used to test newly developed medicines for bone diseases. Human bones can recover from small fractures, but if the fractures are too large or the regrowth process is unbalanced, as is the case with osteoporosis, treatment is required.

Life Sciences - Health - 03.11.2022
Methane-eating relative of tuberculosis bacteria found in Romanian cave
Methane-eating relative of tuberculosis bacteria found in Romanian cave
Bacteria living on the walls of a cave in Romania use methane as their only source of food. Researchers from Utrecht University and national and international colleagues describe the previously unknown microbes in a paper in Nature Microbiology . Knowledge about the new species might contribute to the development of new techniques that reduce the concentration of methane in the atmosphere.