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Results 61 - 80 of 116.

Innovation - 11.04.2024
Pessimistic view of the future influences the transition to parenthood
New sociological research from Tilburg University shows that a pessimistic view of the future in which the next generation will grow up influences young people's decision to enter parenthood. "For people with a pessimistic view of the future, it does not stop at just talking.

Social Sciences - 11.04.2024
Platforms such as Uber thrive on socio-economic inequality
Platforms that offer rides to passengers, such as Uber and DiDi, thrive on socio-economic inequality. By modelling the behaviour of passengers and self-employed drivers, researchers of TU Delft simulated the market for ridesourcing platforms, evaluating a broad spectrum of (in)equality levels in societies.

Environment - 11.04.2024
Mangroves that can protect coastlines worldwide
High waves startle mangroves for days during an experiment at the Delta wave flume in Delft. Researchers from Deltares and TU Delft keep increasing the force on the trees. They test how strong the mangrove trees are under extreme wave conditions and what contribution they make to water safety. Mangroves are a crucial factor in the protection of tropical coastal areas.

Environment - Life Sciences - 10.04.2024
FSC-certification of tropical forests proves beneficial for gorillas and elephants
FSC-certification of tropical forests proves beneficial for gorillas and elephants
Forest Stewardship Council (FSC)-certified timber harvesting areas in Gabon and Congo boast a greater abundance of larger mammals, such as leopards, gorillas, and elephants, than non-FSC forests. Utrecht University researcher Joeri Zwerts and colleagues conclude this based on 1.3 million camera trap images gathered in fourteen commercially exploited forests.

Health - 09.04.2024
Improved monitoring of dangerous aneurysms
Improved monitoring of dangerous aneurysms
During her doctoral research, Esther Maas investigated the use of new ultrasound techniques to image dangerous aortic aneurysms for patient-specific care. An aneurysm is a dangerous vascular condition in which a weak spot in a vessel wall can bulge like a balloon. In the aorta, the largest artery in the abdomen, such an aneurysm is life-threatening, especially when it bursts.

Health - Pharmacology - 08.04.2024
Better understanding of how breast cancer works
Better understanding of how breast cancer works
In her research into the response of breast cancer to the hormone estrogen, PhD candidate Stacey Joosten studied not only hormone-sensitive breast cancer in postmenopausal women but also in men and in women before the menopause. The aim was to gain an even better understanding of how this type of breast cancer works.

- 05.04.2024
Even 66-year-olds engage in online aggression
Online aggression, or intentionally hurting others online, is primarily studied among young people and young adults. However, new research shows that even 66-year take part in online aggression. "Perpetrators and victims of online aggression can be found in all'age groups," say Dr. Sara Pabian and Professor Heidi Vandebosch, researchers of the project from Tilburg University and the University of Antwerp.

Life Sciences - Environment - 27.03.2024
Recently discovered bacterium holds promise for improved wastewater treatment
Recently discovered bacterium holds promise for improved wastewater treatment
The recent discovery of the comammox bacterium might prove pivotal in a new and improved approach to wastewater purification that will be more efficient according to research carried out by Pieter Blom. Mr Blom will receive his PhD on the subject from Radboud University on 4 April. Water treatment facilities remove nitrogen, among other substances, from wastewater before releasing it back into the environment.

Pharmacology - Economics - 26.03.2024
How to prevent social desirability bias in surveys
Marketing researcher Rik Pieters has developed, together with colleagues from other universities, a new, indirect questioning technique to improve the chance that people answer truthfully. The technique can be used, for instance, in conducting surveys or in making policies. Chances are that people tend to give socially desirable answers to direct survey questions on sensitive subjects, like watching porn, smoking during pregnancy, theft in the supermarket or illegal acquisition of prescription drugs.

Health - Psychology - 21.03.2024
App demonstrates importance of broader treatment approach to narcolepsy
App demonstrates importance of broader treatment approach to narcolepsy
PhD candidate Laury Quaedackers studied how a special app can improve the quality of life for people with narcolepsy. She defended her thesis on March 21 at the Department of Industrial Design. Narcolepsy is a rare but serious sleep disorder. People with narcolepsy fall asleep involuntarily at random times.

Mathematics - Computer Science - 20.03.2024
Controlling chaotic turbulence to make ’cat-coat’ patterns in fluids
Researchers from TU/e and the University of Chicago discovered how to manipulate turbulent flows to create regular patterns like those seen in the tabby coat pattern of a cat. The new research has been published in Nature. Controlling the chaos of a turbulent flow to make regular patterns sounds like a contradiction in every sense of the word.

Career - 15.03.2024
More objective application procedures ensure greater equality in selection, but managers still aren’t convinced
Leaving out personal data on CVs leads to a considerably higher chance of employers selecting candidates with a migration background. This is the conclusion of a large-scale study by Radboud University and Utrecht University on the Municipality of the Hague as an organisation, where over 7,000 applications were studied.

Astronomy / Space - Earth Sciences - 14.03.2024
Surprising insights about debris flows on Mars
Surprising insights about debris flows on Mars
The period that liquid water was present on the surface of Mars may have been shorter than previously thought. Channel landforms called gullies, previously thought to be formed exclusively by liquid water, can also be formed by the action of evaporating CO2 ice. That is the conclusion of a new study by Lonneke Roelofs, a planetary researcher at Utrecht University.

Social Sciences - Politics - 14.03.2024
Unknown is unloved: Local exposure to refugees promotes more positive attitude to asylum seekers
People who live near a refugee center tend to develop a more positive attitude to asylum seekers compared to people who live further away. They are also less likely to support anti-immigration parties. This is the conclusion of research conducted by economist Sigrid Suetens and her team. The study suggests that this positive attitude is a result of contact between local residents and refugees.

Environment - 13.03.2024
Small rivers tell the story of thawing permafrost
What effect does climate change have on Arctic permafrost? Earth scientist Niek Speetjens conducted research in Canada and discovered that the small river systems provide a lot of insight into the thaw of permafrost. Permafrost, permanently frozen soil, is thawing due to climate change. This has consequences for water and carbon transport through river systems that flow into the sea from areas with permafrost.

Health - 13.03.2024
Intensive trauma treatment relieves PTSD symptoms within eight days
Relieved from post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms in eight days? It is possible with a highly intensive treatment method that combines trauma-focused therapies and lots of exercise. Eline Voorendonk will receive her PhD on 15 March for her research on this method. "About 80% of people no longer have a PTSD diagnosis at the end of the treatment." About 80% of people have a traumatic experience at some point in their life.

Health - Environment - 12.03.2024
Chronic stress and inflammation linked to societal and environmental impacts in new study
Scientists, including Paul Verschure at Radboud University, hypothesize that as-yet unrecognized inflammatory stress is spreading among people at unprecedented rates and affecting our cognitive ability to address climate change, war, and other critical issues. From anxiety about the state of the world to ongoing waves of Covid-19, the stresses we face can seem relentless and even overwhelming.

Environment - 07.03.2024
Publication in Science: Loss of ecosystems incurs higher costs than previously estimated
Across the globe, animal and plant species along with their habitats are disappearing. With this loss, we also lose the 'services' they provide, such as water filtration or crop pollination. An international research team, including Sjak Smulders from Tilburg University, has proposed a new calculation approach to capture these future 'benefits' of nature.

Life Sciences - 06.03.2024
Chimpanzees are able to learn from their conspecifics what they cannot innovate themselves
Chimpanzees are able to learn from their conspecifics what they cannot innovate themselves
Chimpanzees that are unable to figure out a complex puzzle on their own, are capable of learning the solution from other chimps that were trained to solve it. Utrecht University researcher Edwin van Leeuwen and international colleagues conclude this based on experiments conducted with groups of chimpanzees in Zambia.

Chemistry - Health - 05.03.2024
Chemists break barriers and open up super-resolution molecule mass analysis
Chemists break barriers and open up super-resolution molecule mass analysis
Research team measures individual giant molecules with record-breaking precision By modifying and boosting lab equipment, a team of chemists are able to measure individual molecules with unprecedented precision. This precision relates to being able to tell that one single sugar grain is missing from a full 1 kilogram bag of sugar.