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Results 81 - 100 of 284.

Health - 25.09.2023
The unintended consequences of development cooperation
Development cooperation often results in unintended effects, besides the intended ones. For instance, providing financial support to women can unintentionally lead to increased domestic violence if their husbands feel disadvantaged. Evaluation reports must also pay attention to these sorts of "side effects", argues researcher Dirk-Jan Koch.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 21.09.2023
Much potential to reduce methane emissions European energy industry
Much potential to reduce methane emissions European energy industry
The oil industry in Romania has an enormous potential for reducing methane emissions. This has been demonstrated by a team of scientists led by Professor Thomas Röckmann from Utrecht University. In 2019, the amount of methane emitted by the Romanian oil industry was equal to the amount of methane emitted by all other European oil industries combined.

Linguistics / Literature - 20.09.2023
Speech from the throne not simpler, but more difficult than in previous years
As in previous years, the speech from the throne was difficult once again: it contained many complicated and unfamiliar words, phrases, and constructions. More even, than the speeches from the throne of the previous four years, analysis by linguists Leo Lentz and Henk Pander Maat shows. Difficult speech from the throne To measure the level of difficulty of the speech from the throne, Lentz and Pander Maat used LiNT, a software tool developed by Utrecht University.

Pedagogy - Computer Science - 20.09.2023
New teaching materials improve statistical numeracy
New teaching materials improve statistical numeracy
Data visualizations, including diagrams, are a frequent sight in the media. Histograms, in particular, are popular for their ability to present data concisely. Unfortunately, many people find these diagrams challenging to interpret. Lonneke Boels conducted an investigation into why this occurs, using artificial intelligence to analyse eye movements.

Chemistry - 19.09.2023
New model to help valorize lignin for bio-based applications
Woody biomass and wheat straw are all sources of the natural polymer lignin with more than 50 megatons of lignin produced annually at commercial scale. However, most is burned to produce energy, which alternatively could be used to make useful chemicals. A major issue with producing chemicals from lignin though is that the properties of lignin vary from source to source and from season to season.

Politics - 15.09.2023
A simpler speech from the throne is better appreciated and understood
According to research by linguists Leo Lentz and Henk Pander Maat (Utrecht University), a simpler speech from the throne is better understood and more positively assessed. Lentz and Pander Maat rewrote the 2022 Dutch speech from the throne, leaving the content unchanged but the wording more accessible.

Health - Life Sciences - 15.09.2023
Glow-in-the-dark at the general practitioner
Glow-in-the-dark at the general practitioner
Eva van Aalen defended her PhD thesis at the Department of Biomedical Engineering on September 15th. TU/e researcher Eva van Aalen has developed a glow-in-the-dark test that can make disease diagnosis by general practitioners or in hospitals faster. This test could potentially also be used by patients at home, for example to monitor the concentration of certain drugs in the body.

Environment - Innovation - 14.09.2023
TU/e students present the world's first off-road solar car: Stella Terra
TU/e students present the world’s first off-road solar car: Stella Terra
Stella Terra will cover a thousand kilometers in various landscapes in Morocco. Student team Solar Team Eindhoven from TU/e has developed the first off-road car powered by the energy of the sun, making it independent of charging stations. Stella Terra is robust enough to navigate not only on paved roads but also on rough terrain.

Life Sciences - Health - 14.09.2023
Breakthrough way to train neuromorphic chips
Breakthrough way to train neuromorphic chips
Using a biosensor to detect cystic fibrosis as the test case, TU/e researchers have devised an innovative way to train neuromorphic chips as presented in a new paper in Nature Electronics. Neuromorphic computers - which are based on the structure of the human brain - could revolutionize our future healthcare devices.

Physics - Materials Science - 11.09.2023
Nano droplets go skiing at high temperatures
Currently, many (nano)structures are grown in layers, one above the other, but their ordering on the atomic scale is generally far from perfect.  The researchers aim for a better understanding of these processes that can eventually lead to smaller, faster and overall better nanotechnology and have, in a worldwide first observation, discovered pre-solidification in droplet mixture.

Health - Politics - 11.09.2023
'Every research project improves if you add some citizen science'
’Every research project improves if you add some citizen science’
More and more often Utrecht researchers experiment with citizen science, research that involves collaboration with citizens. For instance, by having them collect data. PhD candidate Fleur Froeling went one step further: she asked Dutch people which subject they would like to research scientifically, and involved a group of citizens in every step of the process.

Social Sciences - Politics - 09.09.2023
Nationalism increases support for LGBTQ+ community: Enemy of enemy is my friend
Nationalism increases support for LGBTQ+ community: Enemy of enemy is my friend
An anti-gay protest by Muslims elicits more sympathy for the LGBTQ+ community than when it is organized by natives. This is especially true if the observer already held a negative view of ethnic minorities, according to an experimental study conducted by political scientists Alberto López Ortega and Stuart Turnbull-Dugarte (University of Southampton) among over 2,300 British and Spanish citizens.

Environment - 07.09.2023
Resilience Reflections #6: Drivers of disasters and questions of a resilience researcher
Recognizing the urgent need to respond to rapid societal and environmental change, resilience is one of the University of Twente's spearheads. As an academic institution, we have a role to play in strengthening the resilience of the social, technological and environmental systems that support us. In this weekly series, UT researchers share their personal reflections on current events and trends that impact our daily lives, exploring their implications for resilience.

Health - 01.09.2023
The Diameter app helps diabetes patients make lifestyle improvements
Together with the Research & Development department of rehabilitation centre The Roessingh, researchers and medical specialists from UT and ZGT (Ziekenhuisgroep Twente) developed the Diameter app that helps diabetes patients make lifestyle improvements. After extensive testing, Ancora Health will now join the team to work on the further development of the app and make it available to a large group of diabetes patients in the long term.

Environment - Chemistry - 31.08.2023
Another strong greenhouse gas is on the rise - and it spells trouble for hydropower
The Earth's warming climate is largely caused by the rise in greenhouse gases carbon dioxide and methane. However, there are additional gases capable of warming the planet. New research from climate scientists at Utrecht University reveals that emissions of the potent greenhouse gas nitrous oxide (N2O) from streams and reservoirs have more than tripled over the last century.

Career - Psychology - 30.08.2023
Valuing employee talents
Valuing employee talents
Haiko Jessurun defended his PhD thesis at the Department of Industrial Engineering and Innovation Sciences on August 29th. Employees often possess a wider range of talents than they need for their jobs; for example, they may be musically gifted or have great visual thinking capabilities. If these capabilities are not seen and valued, there is a higher risk of what PhD candidate Haiko Jessurun calls "chronic relative underperformance" (CRU).

Physics - Computer Science - 29.08.2023
Chessboard-like operation of world's largest controllable quantum dot array
Chessboard-like operation of world’s largest controllable quantum dot array
Researchers from Delft established a way to address many quantum dots with only a few control lines using a chessboard-like method. This enabled the operation of the largest gate-defined quantum dot system ever. Their result is an important step in the development of scalable quantum systems for practical quantum technology.

Health - Innovation - 29.08.2023
Brain signals transformed into speech through implants and AI
Researchers from Radboud University and the UMC Utrecht have succeeded in transforming brain signals into audible speech. By decoding signals from the brain through a combination of implants and AI, they were able to predict the words people wanted to say with an accuracy of 92 to 100%. Their findings are published in the Journal of Neural Engineering this month.

Environment - Economics - 24.08.2023
Voluntary carbon credits offset nothing more than hot air
Voluntary carbon credits offset nothing more than hot air
Projects that reduce deforestation often sell carbon credits, for example to consumers buying flight tickets. However, over 90 percent of these credits do not actually offset carbon emissions. That is the conclusion of environmental scientist Thales A.P. West, who is the main author of a paper that was published in Science.

Health - Life Sciences - 22.08.2023
New antibiotic from microbial ’dark matter’ could be powerful weapon against superbugs
A new powerful antibiotic, isolated from bacteria that could not be studied before, seems capable of combating harmful bacteria and even multi-resistant 'superbugs'. Named Clovibactin, the antibiotic appears to kill bacteria in an unusual manner, making it more difficult for bacteria to develop any resistance against it.