Why some wet surfaces are less slippery

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The experiments probed the friction between a silicon sphere and a silicon wafer
The experiments probed the friction between a silicon sphere and a silicon wafer as the humidity in the surrounding air was varied.

Many surfaces get slippery when wet. Some surfaces have the opposite behaviour: they get less slippery. UvA researchers have now shed light on why this is the case. Hydrogen bonds between the surface and the water turn out to play an important role.

The research, carried out by PhD candidate Liang Peng in collaboration with five physicists and chemists from UvA, ARCNL and the German Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research, was published in Physical Review Letters this week. Peng and collaborators use a clever device, displayed in the image above, to measure the friction between a silicon sphere and a silicon wafer under different wet circumstances.

The researchers noted that using heavy water, containing more hydrogen atoms, the sphere expericenced a larger friction. This led them to the conclusion that hydorgen bonding would lead to the observed increase. This mechanism differs considerably from other mechanisms such as capillary bridges that had been previously proposed to explain the friction, and is much more successful in explaining the observations.

For Physics Magazine, Michael Schirber wrote a Focus Story about the results which can be read below:

Publication

Nonmonotonic Friction due to Water Capillary Adhesion and Hydrogen Bonding at Multiasperity Interfaces , Liang Peng, Feng-Chun Hsia, Sander Woutersen, Mischa Bonn, Bart Weber, and Daniel Bonn. Phys. Rev. Lett. 129 (2022), 256101